The FBI hate crime report released Tuesday shows an overall year to year decline except for those targeting trans and Latina people which increased by 41% and 47% respectively.
The number of crimes from 2017 from 2018 singling out transgender and gender-nonconforming people spiked by 41% to 168.
2018 compared to 2013 saw an increase of reported hate crimes against transgender people rise by 517.4%.
The FBI reported that were 142 hate crimes committed against trans people in 2018 compared to 23 in 2013.
Hate crimes against Latino and Hispanic people nearly doubled for the same five year period. 2018 compared to 2013 saw an increase of +47.87%.
Tuesday’s report is the second annual release of hate crimes statistics during Donald Trump’s presidency. As he campaigns for reelection, Trump has defended himself against accusations that his presidency has emboldened hate groups.
These increases in crimes against specific people would suggest that President Trump’s war on the trans and Hispanic community is yielding the results that he desires.
Gay males and LGB people were among the only groups to have a decline, albeit slight, over five years.
The highest increase was recorded in Texas.
24 trans people were murdered in 2018 and a record 26 were murdered in 2017. The FBI report does not include those murders.
Experts said the FBI’s count probably misses many — possibly most — hate crimes that took place last year.
LA Times reports that there are more than 16,000 law enforcement agencies in the country, and they report hate crime numbers to the FBI voluntarily. In the count released Tuesday, more than 14,000 agencies did not report data or told the bureau there were no hate crimes in their jurisdictions.
That included all of Alabama and Wyoming, where agencies reported zero hate crimes. There were also no hate crimes reported in St. Petersburg, Fla.; Madison, Wis.; and Newark, N.J. There were 85 cities with populations higher than 100,000 where law enforcement either did not share data with the FBI or said there were zero hate crimes.
It’s also harder to analyze the FBI’s data over time because of changes to how the bureau has collected information. The FBI defines a hate crime as a “criminal offense against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender or gender identity.” Crimes against Hindus, Sikhs and Arabs have been counted only since 2015. Another problem is that victims don’t always call the police.
In addition, the FBI’s data conflict with the Justice Department’s National Crime Victimization Survey, which estimates there to be 250,000 hate crimes each year. The Justice Department count doesn’t include intimidation and vandalism incidents, which are included in the FBI’s hate crimes report.